The Act of 20 December 1985 No. 108 on Public libraries
Chapter I. The objectives and activities of public libraries
Section 1. Objectives
Public libraries shall be responsible for promoting knowledge, education and other cultural activities by providing access to information and by making available books and other suitable material, free of charge, to everyone residing in Norway. Each library shall in its services to children and adults stress the importance of providing high-quality, comprehensive and up-to-date material. Library activities shall be directed towards the public and the services shall be publicized. Public libraries are a part of a national library system.
Section 2. The scope of the Act
This Act applies to the activifies of public libraries, including the local public libraries for which the municipality is responsible (Chapter II), the county libraries for which the county is responsible (Chapter III) and central library and advisory services for which the central government is responsible (Chapter IV).
The activities of public libraries also include services for patients in hospitals and health institutions, and others who have particular difficulty in using a public library.
Section 3. Lending cooperation, bibliographical control, etc.
Libraries shall follow standardized rules for lending cooperation and bibliographic control, and for the compilation of statstics and annual reports. The Ministry may issue further regulations.
Chapter II. Municipal public libraries
Section 4. General provisions
To fulfil the objectives specified in Chapter I, all municipalities shall have a public library. A public library may be operated by a municipality alone, or wholly or partly in cooperation with another municipality, a county or a central government institution. The Ministry may grant exemptions from the first paragraph for experimental activities.
The municipality shall lay down regulations for public libraries based on recommended guidelines issued by the Ministry for the operation of libraries.
Section 5. Staff
Each municipality shall have a professionally qualified head librarian. The Ministry may grant exemptions from the provision in this section and shall issue further regulations concerning qualification requirements and transitional arrangements.
Section 6. Cooperation with schools
There shall be organised cooperation between public libraries and school libraries in the municipality. The Ministry shall issue recommended guidelines for such cooperation.
Chapter III. County libraries
Section 7. (Repealed by the Act of 11 June 1993 No. 85.)
Section 8. General provisions
To fulfil the objectives at county level which are specified in Chapter I, all counties shall have a county library headed by a professionally qualified head librarian. For experimental activities, the Ministry may grant exemptions from the requirement that all counties shall have a county library. The county shall lay down regulations for the county library based on recommended guidelines issued by the Ministry for the operation of libraries.
Section 9. Interlibrary lending
The county library shall attend to interlibrary lending within the county, organize lending cooperation between libraries, and assume responsibility for its part of the joint plan for the acquisition and storage of books, periodicals, etc. The county library may operate direct lending services from book vans/book boats, either alone or in cooperation with other county and/or public libraries. The county may enter into agreements on joint library operations with one or more municipalities.
Section 10. Advisory services, etc.
The county library shall advise local authorities, provide professional librarian advice and assistance, and arrange meetings and courses on library matters. There shall be organised cooperation between the county library and the school leadership in the county. Cooperation between the county library and the county school authorities shall be ensured through agreements placing the library's professional expertise at the disposal of the school authorities.
Section 11. Special duties
In addition to the duties that follow from section 3, the county shall give opinions as regards the distribution of central government funds and assist central government authorities with research and planning.
Section 12. (Repealed by the Act of 11 June 1993 No. 85.)
Chapter IV. Central goverment duties
Section 13. The Norwegian Archive, Library and Museum Authority(ABM-Utvikling)
The duties of the central government pursuant to this Act shall be carried out by the Norwegian Archive, Library and Museum Authority (ABM-Utvikling) on behalf of the Ministry.
Section 14. Special central government grants
Special central government grants may be given for specific library purposes which do not naturally fall within the sphere of responsibility of individual municipalities, or which are of special significance for the maintenance of a nafional library system. The Ministry shall issue further provisions.
Section 15 . (Repealed by the Act of 27 May 1987 No. 23.)
Chapter V. Commencement of the Act. Amendments to other statutes
This Act shall come into force from the date decided by the King. From the same date the following Acts shall be amended as follows: ---
- Engelsk versjon av Bibliotekloven
- Tolkningsuttalelser til bibliotekloven, Justis- og politidepartementet
- Forskrift om personale i kommunale folkebibliotek av 5. januar 1987
- Veiledende retningslinjer til forskrift om personale i kommunale folkebibliotek
- Reglement for folkebibliotek - veiledende retningslinjer
- Reglement for fylkesbibliotek - veiledende retningslinjer
- Veiledende retningslinjer for samarbeid mellom folke- og skolebibliotek i kommunen
- Dispensasjon fra biblioteklovens § 5