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1.

Portrait of Knud Langeland. Print from "Nordmændene i Amerika" (Norwegians in America) published in Chicago, 1888. Langeland established the newspaper Skandinaven with John Anderson on June 1, 1866. Langeland was the first editor of Skandinaven (until 1872), while Anderson administered the business. In 1890 the firm was incorporated as the John Anderson Publishing Company.

 

2.

Portrait of Norwegian-American author Peer Strømme. From "Erindringer" (Reminiscences) by Peer Stømme, published in Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1923. Of those who contributed to Norwegian-American belles lettres in the nineteenth century, Peer Strømme (1856-1921) was the least polemic. In the 1906 novel "Unge Helgeson"(Young Helgeson) he continued the story begun in his first novel "Hvorledes Halvor blev prest" (How Halvor became a pastor). The setting of Strømme's final novel, "Den vonde ivold" (In the Clutches of the Devil) (1910), is Chicago. With striking psychological realism and sure knowledge of the many aspects of immigrant life in a large city, he depicts individuals who are at odds with society.

 

3.

The pioneer in the Norwegian labor movement, Marcus Thrane 1817-90). Photograph by L. Schmidt, 302 Milwaukee Ave., Chicago. May have been taken in the mid-1870s. Thrane emigrated to America in 1863 following his defeats in Norway, where he continued his career as a journalist. In 1866 the Norwegian Synod had felt sufficiently threatened to issue "A Warning to all Christians," which condemned his socialistic ideas, but the writings he put out in Chicago actually reached only a small number of fellow socialists. He published a satirical depiction of the visit of the Norwegian man-of-letters Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson which he called "Den gamle Wisconsin-bibelen" (The Old Wisconsin Bible). It was mainly directed against the church leaders in the Synod; the book's wit and striking satire assured it a wide distribution.

 

4.

Portrait of Carl G.O. Hansen. Carl G.O. Hansen was the editor of "Minneapolis Tidende" and author of several books including "My Minneapolis" (1956).

 

5.

Portrait of Norwegian-American author Simon Johnson, "The Prairie Writer." Johnson was born in Øyer, Gudbrandsdalen, October 26, 1874. In 1884, the family emigrated to America. They settled in Trail County in North Dakota, where he lived the rest of his life. Johnson became known as the "poet of the prairie" and no other Norwegian-American author has known the atmosphere of the prairies better than him. From 1920 until 1924, he edited "Nordmannen" in Grand Forks, North Dakota. He was married to Anna Flaten who was from Telemark, and who came to America as a young girl.

 

6.

Portrait of Peder H. Nelson. Nelson was born in 1900. He emigrated with his mother to America and was confirmed in Kloten, North Dakota, near the Goose River in the Red River Valley. He grew up at a cotter's place north of Jaren in Hadeland. Nelson became an avid book collector. He was a journalist and active as an editor of several Norwegian-American publications, among others "Brua" and "Hallingen". Hadelandslaget (one of the Bygdelags of America) was his favorite organization. He died in Northwood, North Dakota in 1986. Nelson harbored a great love for Norwegian literature and culture and collected rare books published both in Norwegian America and in Norway. He also collected contributions about people from Hadeland, Hallingdal, and other Norwegian-Americans in the United States. As a reward, he was presented with the Knight's Cross of the Royal Order of St. Olav and received many other honors for his dedicated work related to Norwegian America. Today, his library of 4,000 books and articles is placed in the municipality of Gran in Hadeland.

 

7.

Portrait of Einar Lund, editor of "Decorah-Posten" after Kristian Prestgard. His novel "Solveig Murphy" was printed in "Ved Arnen "in 1931. Lund dealt with the problem of the second generation. "The old had memories and traditions from their fatherland and family. The young are without roots and searching," he contended.

 

8.

Portrait of Norwegian-American author and newspaperman Johannes B. Wist. From "Norsk-Amerikanernes Festskrift 1914," published in Decorah, Iowa, 1914. Wist was editor of the newspaper "Decorah-Posten" from 1901-1923. Of Norwegian-American authors, Johannes B. Wist has probably best reproduced natural Norwegian-American speech.

 

9.

Portrait of Brynild Anundsen. Publisher of the Norwegian-American newspaper "Decorah-Posten", once the largest Norwegian language newspaper in the world. Widely respected for its notable quality. Founded in 1874; ceased publication in 1973. From "Norsk-Amerikanernes Festskrift 1914", published in Decorah, Iowa, 1914.

 

10.

Portrait of Nils Nilsen Rønning. From "Norsk-Amerikanernes Festskrift 1914", utgitt i Decorah, Iowa, 1914. Rønning was born in Bø in Telemark May 19, 1870. After he emigrated to America, he lived for the most part in Minneapolis. Rønning was both a journalist and an author. He was editor of "Ungdommens Ven" for 15 years.

 

11.

John Anderson, founder and manager of John Anderson Publishing Co., in his office. Publications of John Anderson Publishing Co., included the newspaper "Skandinaven." The editorial office was in Chicago.

 

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