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| 1825 - 1850 | 1851 - 1875 | 1876 - 1900 | 1901 - 1925 | 1926 - 1950 | 1951 - 1975 | 1976 - 2000 |


 

1825
The sloop Restauration sailed from Stavanger, a town on the southwestern coast of Norway on July 4. On board were fifty-two persons. The ship reached the port of New York on October 9 after a journey of three months . With a group of American Quakers, Cleng Peerson met the immigrants. Cleng Peerson, had arrived four years earlier. The Sloopers settled in Kendall township in New York state on the shores of Lake Ontario. Since then, almost 900,000 Norwegians have emigrated to North America. Among countries in Europe, only Ireland has had greater mass migration.

1833
Cleeng Peerson walked from Kendall township in New York state to Ohio. He discovered the Fox River valley in La Salle County in Illinois, southwest of Chicago. The first Norwegian settlement in the Midwest, Fox River settlement, was founded in this region in the mid- 1830s. This settlement remained a significant mother colony and served as a way station for immigrants to the Midwest.

1836
Two ships with 167 emigrants sailed from Stavanger: Den norske klippe and Norden. Most of the emigrants crossed the Atlantic on Norwegian ships, but a few also went from Gothenburg or Le Havre. Most of them headed for the Fox River settlement.

1837
Two more emigrant ships, Enigheden from Stavanger and Ægir from Bergen, left for America. The first emigration from eastern Norway now began. Many people left Tinn in Telemark. Ole Rynning from Snåsa was part of the expedition that found the area Beaver Creek south of Chicago. Many people thought that “America fever” explained the emigration. In a pastoral letter A Word of Admonition to the Peasants in the Diocese of Bergen who Desire to Emigrate, Bishop Jacob Neumann pictured the desire to emigrate as a contagious disease. Ole Nattestad wrote Beskrivelse over en reise til Nordamerica (Description of a Journey to North America).

1838
The first book about America was published. Ole Rynning’s famous emigrant guide, True Account of America was written while he lay ill by Beaver Creek. Ole Nattestad founded the first settlement in Wisconsin, Jefferson Prairie in Rock County.
Bishop Neumann’s pastoral letter A Word of Admonition to the Peasants in the Diocese of Bergen who Desire to Emigrate provoked Norwegians in America. Svein Knudsen Lothe comments on Neumann’s admonition in a letter.

1839
The emigration from the parish Vik in Sogn was initiated by the departure of Per Iversen Unde. Unde had studied Ole Rynning's True Account of America.

1840
In the 1840s Wisconsin became the main region of Norwegian settlement and remained the center of Norwegian activity until the Civil War. Norwegian pioneers went further west as new regions were opened to settlement. Most of them used wagons pulled by oxen. Even Heg, a Haugian from Lier, an energetic and pragmatic leader of the Norwegian Americans, and Ole K. Trovatten, arrived at the Muskego settlement. Ole K. Trovatten wrote a diary and many America letters.

1841
The first book was printed in Norwegian in New York. Doctor Martin Luther's Small Catechism, with Plain Introduction for Children, and Sentences from the Word of God to Strengthen the Faith of the Meek, translated from Danish and published by lay preacher Elling Eielsen.

1842
Lay preacher Elling Eielsen (1804-1883) built a combined dwelling and meeting house in La Salle County. It was called a forsamlingshus, an assembly house, not a church.

1843
The first Norwegian congregation that came out of the state-church tradition was organized in Muskego, December 14, by Claus Lauritz Clausen from Ærø in Denmark.

1844
The first Norwegian Lutheran confirmation in America was conducted in Even Heg’s barn. Use of the Muskego church was initiated in the autumn of the same year. J.W.C. Dietrichson, university-trained Norwegian pastor, arrived in Muskego. During the autumn there developed a conclusive break between Claus Lauritz Clausen and Elling Eielsen. Although they represented two distinct movements within the church, they had conducted joint religious services in Even Heg’s barn which also served as a receiving station for newcomers, with Norwegian immigrants filling it every summer.
Johan R. Reiersen published Veiviser for Norske Emigranter til De forenede Nordamerikanske Stater og Texas (Pathfinder for Norwegian Emigrants to the United States and Texas).

1845
The first Norwegian church building was inaugurated March 12 in Muskego. The building has been moved to the campus of Luther Seminary in St. Paul, Minnesota. The Muskego Manifesto was inserted in Morgenbladet on January 6. It was an open letter, signed by 80 men, and a defense by the immigrants of their new home in America.
Johan R. Reiersen led a group of Norwegian peasants from Agder to land he had selected in Texas. They formed a Norwegian settlement known as Normandy in Henderson County.

1846

Elling Eielsen’s Synod, The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (lay church) was founded by Elling Eielsen. This is the low-church organization within the Lutheran free-church movement among Norwegian-Americans. Fourteen Lutheran congregations were founded between 1846 and 1900. The Swedes had one Lutheran synod, Augustana. Iowa became a state.

1847
The first Norwegian-American newspaper, Nordlyset (Northern Lights), was published on July 29 in Muskego by James D. Reymert from Farsund. The paper was printed in Even Heg’s barn. The last issue of Nordlyset appeared on May 18, 1850. The name was then changed to Demokraten (The Democrat). The church and the press were the two most important institutions in Norwegian America.
Several Norwegian settlements were founded in the western parts of Wisconsin in this period.
Elise Tvede Wærenskjold recommended Texas as a new home for Norwegian immigrants. Several of the letters she wrote home to Norway are included in Land of Their Choice by Theodore C. Blegen.

1848
Adam Løvenskjold wrote an account of Norwegians in America after he had visited Norwegian settlements.
Gold was discovered in the Sacramento valley in California. Many Norwegians were caught by the gold fever.

1849
The repeal of the British Navigation Acts permitted Norwegian ships to transport emigrants to Quebec.

1850
The first Norwegian emigrants arrived in Quebec. Between 1850 and 1865 most emigrants traveled on Norwegian sailing ships to Quebec and from there to the United States.
A. Budde, Stavanger Amts Landbruksskole (Agricultural school) wrote Af et brev om Amerika. (A letter about America)

1851
Kirkelig Maanedstidende (Church Monthly) was launched two years before the official founding of the Synod. It continued until 1956 under various names and through merging with other periodicals (Evangelisk Luthersk Kirketidende and Lutheraneren).
The first Norwegian pioneers came to Minnesota. In southern Houston County the completely Norwegian township Spring Grove came into being.
Snowshoe Thompson was born in Telemark. He joined the gold rush in California. On skis, he carried the mail across the Sierra Nevada mountain range for nearly 20 years, thereby ensuring postal connection between the Territory of Utah and California. He was already a legend when he died in 1876.

1852
Emigranten, the most important of the early pioneer newspapers, published its first issue on January 23. The number of subscribers had grown to four thousand in 1860. The first editor was C.L. Clausen.
Ole Bull’s colony, Oleana, was established in September in Potter County in Pennsylvania, but turned out to be a financial disaster. Already in September the following year, Ole Bull sold the land to the original owners.

1853
The Synod of the Norwegian-Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (the Norwegian Synod) was organized. The Synod adopted the ritual of the Church of Norway and regarded the congregation as a geographic unit, a Norwegian sogn, or parish as in the Old Country.

Ole Canuteson from Karmøy led a company from the Fox River settlement to Bosque County in Texas.

Emigranten reported that the number of Norwegians in Decorah was growing rapidly.

1854
90% of the Norwegian emigrants traveled via Quebec between 1854 and 1865.

The first issue of Den Norske Amerikaner (The Norwegian American) was published in Madison in December by Elias Stangeland.

Norwegians settled in Goodhue County in Minnesota. Several places in the County are named after places in Norway: Vang, Toten, Eidsvold, Dovre, Sogn, and Aspelund.

1857
Den Norske Amerikaner was bought by the newly-established Scandinavian Democratic Press Association. The name of the paper was changed to Nordstjernen (The North Star).

1858
Minnesota became a state.

1860
About 55,000 Norwegian immigrants now lived in the states of Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota. 60% were born in Norway. The Norwegian Synod with 29 clergy and one hundred congregations represented the largest gathering of Norwegian Lutherans in America.

Nordstjernen was taken over by Emigranten, which was the most important pioneer paper at the time. The pioneer press laid the foundation for the later flourishing of journalism among Norwegian immigrants.

1861
The American Civil War started. From every settlement Norwegian immigrants went to war. Colonel Hans Christian Heg, son of the pioneer leader Even Heg, became the commander of the Fifteenth Wisconsin Regiment, known as the Norwegian regiment. This regiment took part in 26 battles and skirmishes. Colonel Heg fell in the battle at Chickamauga in September 1863. It is later estimated that at least 800 Norwegians from Minnesota, more than 400 from Iowa, and about 3,000 from Wisonsin fought for the North.
Mons H. Grinager served as a captain during the Civil War. He wrote several letters about the war and other subjects.

1862
There was a great demand for workers in America. The Homestead Act gave every American citizen 160 acres of surveyed government land.

Some Dakota Indians suddenly and unexpectedly attacked white settlers in the Minnesota River Valley. Norwegian settlers were among the first killed in a conflict that delayed westward settlement until the 1870s.

1863
Colonel Hans Christian Heg was killed at the battle of Chickamauga in September. Waldemar Ager described this battle in the article “ Det norske regiment i slaget ved Chickamauga (The Norwegian regiment in the battle of Chickamauga) ”. A painting by Carl L. Boeckmann also gives a depiction of the battle.
Marcus Thrane emigrated to America. He worked as a journalist and editor of several newspapers. He also started the monthly journal Dagslyset in 1869.

1865
The Civil War has ended. At Chickamauga, the state of Wisconsin erected a monument in honor of the Fifteenth Wisconsin Regiment.

By this time 77,873 Norwegians had left Norway, mainly from the fjord districts of western Norway and the mountain areas of eastern Norway.

1866
From the middle of the 1860s steamships gradually replaced sailing ships. This made mass emigration possible.
Skandinaven was one of the three most important newspapers in the Midwest. It was published in Chicago until 1941. Knud Langeland was the first editor. In 1912 the newspaper had 54,000 subscribers.

1867
There were three Norwegian settlements in Texas; Brownsboro, Four Mile Prairie, and Bosque County. Ole T. Nystel was 14 years old when he was captured by the Comanche Indians in Bosque County and was held as a prisoner for three months.

1868
The first illustrated periodical in Norwegian in America, Billed-Magazin, was published in Madison between 1868 and 1870. Here Svein Nilsson published his observant accounts of Norwegian settlements.
The Norwegian Dramatic Society was established in Chicago.

1869
The singing societies played an important part in Norwegian America. The first society was Normanna Sangerkor (Normanna Singers’ Choir) founded in La Crosse, Wisconsin. The Norwegian Singers Association (Det Norsk Sangerforbund) had fifty member choirs in 1914.
The first Scandinavian Institute was founded in Madison, Wisconsin, and Rasmus B. Anderson was appointed professor of Scandinavian languages.
Andreas Larsen Dahl immigrated to America from Skrautvål in Valdres. He traveled around in Wisconsin as a photographer.

1870
According to the census the Scandinavians had become the largest foreign-born group in Minnesota. The Scandinavian group was dominated by the Norwegians.
Carl Lewenhaupt wrote a Report on Swedish-Norwegian Immigration in 1870

1873
The rate of emigration was interrupted by the “Panic of 1873”.

1874
St. Olaf College was founded in Northfield by Bernt Julius Muus.
Decorah-Posten was one of the three most important newspapers in the Midwest. It was published in Decorah, Iowa, until 1972. In the 1920s Decorah-Posten had about 45,000 subscribers. Rasmus B. Anderson, professor of Scandinavian languages at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, published America Not Discovered by Columbus and Den norske maalsag (The Norwegian Language Issue), Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen, professor of Germanic languages at University of Columbia, New York, published Gunnar, a peasant idyll written in English for American readers.

1875
On July 5, Rasmus B. Anderson gave a speech in Chicago at the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Norwegian emigration to America.

1876
Skandinaven’s bookstore opened in Chicago.

1877

Luther College Museum was started at Luther College, Decorah, Iowa. In 1925 the name was changed to Vesterheim Norwegian-American Museum. Since then, the museum has been located in the center of Decorah. Nordic Fest takes place in Decorah the last weekend of July every year.

1879
Land boom in North Dakota. Until 1920 Norwegians were the largest ethnic group in North Dakota. The Norwegians settled in Traill County and Griggs County. Towns like Fargo, Grand Forks, Hatton, Mayville, and Hillsboro took on a Norwegian flavor preserved to the present day.
The author, Kristoffer Janson, went on a lecture tour of the Midwest and gave about 80 talks and lectures for Norwegian-Americans and other Scandinavians.

1880
The Danish Thingvalla Line established the first direct passenger route by steamship between Scandinavia and the United States. Many Norwegian emigrants booked passage on this line.
941 Norwegians now lived in Bosque County in Texas.
The Norwegian feminist Aasta Hansteen went to America and stayed in Boston and Chicago while working as a portrait painter.

1883
Torjus and Mikkel Hemmestvedt came to Red Wing, Minnesota. They were considered to be the best skiers of their day in Norway and became pioneer ski jumpers in America.

1884
Den norsk-amerikanske Venstreforening (The Norwegian-American Liberal Society) was formed because “our old fatherland’s independence and freedom are at stake” as stated in an appeal in Budstikken. Several other liberal societies came into being in the Midwest, and a fund drive was conducted. The society in Minneapolis sent 4,000 kroner to the Liberal (Venstre) party in Norway.
Anders Beer Wilse immigrated to America and stayed until 1900. He worked as a railroad engineer and, in addition, became renowned for his work as a landscape photographer.

1885
H.A. Foss published Husmanns-Gutten (The Cotter’s Son). The novel was first serialized in Decorah-Posten and was so popular that the paper gained 6,000 new subscribers.

1886
Knut Hamsun went to America for the second time and wrote about the crossing onboard the emigrant ship Geiser for Dagbladet. Hamsun spent two periods of time in Minneapolis: 1882-1884 and 1886-1888.

1887
Minneapolis Tidende was one of the three most important newspapers in the Midwest. It was published in Minneapolis until 1935 when it was taken over by Decorah-Posten.
The first statue of Leiv Eiriksson was unveiled in Boston. Later many more were erected, in places like Chicago, Duluth, St. Paul, and Seattle.
Leiv Eiriksson Day is celebrated every year in October.
Andrew Furuseth became secretary in the Sailors Union of the Pacific Coast. He was called the Abraham Lincoln of the sea.

1888
Kvinden og Hjemmet was published in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, with Ida Hansen from Ringsaker as the editor of the magazine. In 1924, the magazine had 34,000 subscribers.

1889
Dakota became a state and was divided into South and North Dakota.
The Norwegian-American farmer, Hans Jakob Olson, was lynched in the vicinity of Blair, Wisconsin.

1890

The United Church (Den forenede kirke) was organized. It was the largest Lutheran synod among the immigrants with about 152,000 members.
The newspaper Western Viking was established in Seattle.
The poet Sigbjørn Obstfelder went to visit his brother Herman in Milwaukee. He also went to Chicago.
Several of the letters he wrote while living in the neighborhood of Washington Heights in Chicago in 1891 have been saved.
John Anderson Publishing House was founded by John Anderson in Chicago. He also published the newspaper Skandinaven.

1891
Nordisk Tidende (Nordic Times) was established in New York by the printer Emil Nielsen from Horten. Nordisk Tidende og Western Viking are the only newspapers that are still published.
In 1946, O.M. Norlie listed the names of 570 Norwegian immigrant publications (Norwegian-American Papers 1847-1946).
Augsburg Publishing House, among the most important Norwegian-American publishers was established by United Norwegian Lutheran Church.

1892
Ellis Island replaced Castle Garden as a receiving and control station for immigrants.
Knute Nelson from Evanger, Voss, was elected governor of Minnesota. From 1895 until his death he served as United States senator.

1893
Recession in America led to a reduction in emigration from Norway.
Captain Magnus Andersen sailed a replica of the Gokstad ship, Viking¸ to the World Fair in Chicago.
“The Norwegian House” at the exhibition, built as a stave church, is now part of Little Norway, a Museum of Norse Antiques in a Norwegian Pioneer Homestead, 25 miles west of Madison, Wisconsin.

1894
En Saloonkeepers Datter (A Saloonkeeper’s Daughter) by Drude Krog Janson was published in Minneapolis.

1895
The Sons of Norway was founded on January 16. Among the 18 founders, 14 were Trønders. Bersvend O. Draxton was elected secretary. By 1914 there were 12,000 members in 155 lodges from coast to coast. The headquarters are in Minneapolis. Today The Sons of Norway also has lodges in Norway. The Sons of Norway publish the magazine The Viking.

1896
Knute Nelson gave a speech in the US Senate on May 14.
Gold was discovered in the Klondyke and Alaska. Between 1987 and 1899 many gold diggers found their way to the goldfields, among them many Norwegians.

1897
Jacob Fjelde’s statue of Ole Bull was erected in Loring Park in Minneapolis.
Norwegian linguists began showing an interest in the development of the Norwegian language in America.

1898
The Norwegian Club (Den Norske Klub) in San Francisco was established.
The Swedish farmer Olof Ohman discovered a stone with runic inscriptions near the town of Kensington in Minnesota. The inscriptions relate the experience of “eight Goths and twenty-two Norwegians on a journey of discovery westward from Vinland” in the middle of the 1300s. The stone is not regarded as genuine by most present-day scholars.

1899
Immigrants from Valdres, Norway, convened the first bygdelag assembly on June 25 on the banks of the Mississippi River in Minnehaha Park in Minneapolis. It is the bygdelag that adheres longest to the Norwegian language in their publications and in their meetings. Not until the 1950s did a gradual transition to English take place.
Thorstein Veblen (1857-1929) was born in America. The family had emigrated from Valdres. The Theory of the Leisure Class by Veblen was published this year. Veblen has been called the spiritual father of the New Deal.

The newspaper Washington-Posten was started in Seattle on May 17 by Frank Oleson from Trondheim.

1900
Some Norwegians had moved westward to Montana, Idaho, and Colorado.

1902
Valdres Samband formally organized. It was the first of the bygdelags to be formed after the first meeting of Norwegian Americans in Minnehaha Park, Minneapolis, in June 1899.
Agnes Mathilde Wergeland was appointed Professor of History and French at the University of Wyoming in Laramie.

1903
Det Norske Selskab i Amerika (The Norwegian Society in America) was founded in Minneapolis. The goal was to unite all Norwegians in a national organization for the advancement of Norwegian culture. Waldemar Ager was a major force in the society.

1904
The monthly, Sønner av Norge (Sons of Norway), edited by Laurits Stavnheim, began publication. In 1943, the magazine was renamed Sons of Norway (since November 1963, The Viking).
Per Mæhlum emigrated from Stange, Hedemarken and settled in the town Kathryn in North Dakota. He was a prolific amateur photographer.

1905
The Swedish-Norwegian union was dissolved. National fervor reached new heights among the immigrants. The Norwegian university student singing society’s tour in America was a celebrated event.
Symra was published in Decorah, Iowa, edited by Johs. B. Wist and Kristian Prestgard. Symra was published until 1914.

1906
There were 237 Norwegian organizations in the United States. The St. Olaf Band visited Norway.

1907
Telelaget and Hallinglaget were organized. Nearly fifty societies (bygdelag) came into being. In the heyday of the movement at least 75,000 people took part in the annual reunions.
Nordmanns-Forbundet (Norse Federation) was founded, partly due to the initiative of the Norwegian man of letters, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson. It is an international organization that promotes solidarity between Norway and Norwegians abroad and furthers the cause of Norwegian culture and Norwegian interests.
Nordmanns-Forbundet was published in Norwegian (from 1908) and The Norseman in English (from 1965) until 1984. Since then the Norse Federation has published the bilingual magazine The Norseman. There are many chapters in the US. The headquarters are in Oslo.
Martin Ulvestad’s Nordmændene i Amerika, deres historie og rekord (The history of the Norewegians in America). The book also contains articles about Norwegian music in America, a list of newspapers and magazines, and Norwegian-American educational institutions.

1908
Hjalmar Rued Holand
De norske settlementers historie (The history of the Norwegian settlements was published).

1911
Students of Scandinavian formed their own organization, the Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Studies. Just prior to Word War I, students at eight universities and nine colleges could study the Norwegian language in America.

1913
The Norwegian America Line made it possible for emigrants to sail directly from Norway.

Ragnar Omtvedt of Chicago set a new world record in ski jumping.

Olive Fremstad, who emigrated from Oslo when she was 12 years old, became an internationally renowned Wagnerian opera singer. She sang the role of Isolde at the Metropolitan in New York City.

1914
214,985 Norwegians left for America between 1900 and 1914.
The international temperance order I.O.G.T. had more than fifty Norwegian lodges in America.
Spelemannslaget af Amerika (Harding Fiddlers Society of America) was formed in Ellsworth, Wisconsin.
A cooperative body, the Council of Bygdelags (Bygdelagenes Fellesraad) was formed. Centenary of the Norwegian constitution was observed with a large exposition in Frogner Park in Oslo. A section of the exhibition is devoted to Norwegian-Americans with a reading-room with Norwegian-American newspapers, an exhibit from Norwegian America, and Nordmanns-Forbundet’s office. About 20,000 Norwegian-Americans visited Norway. Some of the visitors became the target of caricaturists.

Governor Louis D. Hanna of North Dakota delivered a bust of Abraham Lincoln as a gift from the citizens of his home state.

The Norwegian Singers Association of America toured Norway under the leadership of Emil Biorn of Chicago.

The biggest celebration in America took place in Minneapolis/St. Paul with some 50,000 participants.

1917
On June 9, the United Church, the Hauge Synod, and the Norwegian Synod merged to become the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America. It is an almost incredulous merger between groups that only a few years earlier seemed to be irreconcilable. Their new denomination comprised nearly half a million members, 3,276 parishes, and 1,954 pastors.

1918
Ole Hanson, who had grown up in Wisconsin, was elected mayor of Seattle.
Peter Julius Rosendahl created the comic strip Han Ola og han Per which was published in Decorah-Posten until 1935. Later, the comic strip was reprinted frequently until 1972 when the newspaper ceased publication.
Knute Rockne from Voss was made coach of the football team of the University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana. He held the position until he died in a plane crash in 1931.

1924
The Norwegian-American newspaper Decorah-Posten had 25 correspondents in Norway.
Ole E. Rølgvaag’s account of Norwegian pioneer life on the prairies, I de dage, was published. A year later the sequel Riket grundlægges appeared. Rølvaag is the best and most representative of Norwegian-American authors. He taught at St. Olaf College from 1906 until his untimely death in 1931. During the course of 70 years 200 emigrant novels, stories and poems have appeared that interpret the life and experiences of emigrants in their new homeland.

1925
The Norwegian-American community flourished between 1895 and 1925. Norwegian forces united around the celebration of the centennial of the first Norwegian immigration. Patriotic feelings reached a high point during the 100th anniversary for Norwegian immigration. A large exhibit was held in Minneapolis/St. Paul depicting several aspects of immigrant life. President Coolidge praised the Norwegians in his speech “ The President’s Tribute to the Norwegians”.
The Norwegian-American Historical Association ( NAHA) was founded in Northfield, Minnesota. NAHA is considered to be one of the most active ethnic historical societies in the US. Nordisk Tidende in New York reported that 10,000 people paraded along 4th Avenue with Norwegian flags and banners.
A statue of the Civil War hero Hans Christian Heg was unveiled in Lier near Drammen.

1927
Giants in the Earth by O.E. Rølvaag was translated by Lincoln Colcord in cooperation with the author. Nearly 80,000 copies were sold.

Rølvaag taught Norwegian at St. Olaf College from 1906 until he died in 1931. In the course of 70 years, 200 novels that dealt with the immigrant experience were published.

1929
Restrictions on immigration through new quota laws became effective. Norway is awarded an annual quota of 2,377.

1929 – 1930
En Haandbok for Amerikareisen (A handbook for the journey to America) is published with ”A Greeting from the President” for Scandinavians traveling to the United States. The book includes lists with states and cities where Scandinavians have settled with a description of the places.

1931
Johan A. Hofstead compiled a list of nearly four hundred women and men who taught or had taught at American colleges and universities. Positions at Norwegian-American colleges are not included in this number.
Theodore C. Blegen’s Norwegian Migration to America 1825-1860 was published by the Norwegian-American Historical Association.

1934
Centennial celebration of the first permanent Norwegian settlement in the United States in the Fox River valley, La Salle County, Illinois.

1939
The Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Norway toured ”Norwegian America.”
The year before he published the article "Language and Immigration."
Einar Haugen’s Norsk i Amerika (The Norwegian Language in America) was published.

1940
Theodore C. Blegen’s Norwegian Migration to America : The American Transition was published by the Norwegian-American Historical Association.

1941
Ingrid Semmingsen was the first emigration historian in Norway to study emigration to America in depth. Her two volumes entitled Veien mot vest. Utvandringen fra Norge til Amerika (The emigration from Norway to America) were published in 1941 and 1950.

1955
Theodore C. Blegen’s Land of Their Choice : The Immigrants Write Home was published

1961
First volume of Alfred Hauge’s trilogy about Cleng Peerson, Hundevakt was published.

1969
A replica of Borgund stave church was erected in Rapid City in South-Dakota,

1974
Vesterheim Genealogical Center & Naeseth Library, a section of Vesterheim Norwegian-American Museum, was established in Madison, Wisconsin, by Gerhard B. Naeseth.

1975
The Sesquicentennial of Norwegian emigration to America was celebrated on both sides of the Atlantic.
In Norway there was a matiné in the Nationalteatret on May 17.
King Olav V visited ”Norwegian America.”
Alfred Hauge’s trilogy about Cleng Peerson, translated by Eric J. Friis, was published as one of the Official Publications of the Norwegian Immigration Sesquicentennial.
The Norwegian Society of Texas was formed.

1978
Norsk Høstfest took place for the first time in Minot, North Dakota.

1981
A Norwegian chapter of the Norwegian-American Historical Association (NAHA-Norway) was formed. NAHA-Norway organizes seminars and publishes essay collections.

1982
A new replica of the Gokstad Ship crossed the Atlantic. Hjemkomst sailed from Duluth in Minnesota to Norway. The ship was built by Robert Asp, Hawley, Minnesota.

1987
King Olav visited Norwegian America and insisted on driving to Decorah, Iowa, despite bad weather conditions.

1989
Vesterheim Norwegian-American Museum, Decorah, Iowa, sent three exhibitions to Norway. Norway in America: Painting and Drawing was shown at Maihaugen, Lillehammer; Norway in America: Folk and Decorative Arts was shown at Hedmarksmuseet, Hamar; and Norway in America: The photography of Andrew Dahl was shown at Eiketunet, Gjøvik.

1992
King Olav V Chair in Scandinavian-American Studies was inaugurated at St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota. Professor Odd S. Lovoll, who is also the editor of the publications of the Norwegian-American Historical Association in Northfield, holds the position.

1993
The first volume of Gerhard Naseth’s Norwegian Immigrants to the United States: A Biographical Directory was published. Volume I contains biographies of emigrants from Norwegian between 1825 and 1843. Volume II, which was published in 1997, contains biographies from 1844 to 1846. Naeseth collected material for biographies until 1850.

1997
The exhibition The Migration of a Tradition was shown at Norsk Folkemuseum, Oslo, after having toured several cities and museums in the US.

Esso Perspektiv published a special issue on Norwegian emigration to America.

1998
A replica of Hopperstad stave church, Vik in Sogn and Fjordane, was inaugurated in Moorhead, Minnesota.

1999
The Bygdelag Centennial was celebrated at Luther College, Decorah, Iowa 27 - 29 July. There are 32 bygdelags in Amerika. The centennial was arranged by The National Council of Bygdelags in America (Bygdelagenes Fellesraad).
St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota, celebrated its 125th anniversary. The Norwegian-American Historical Association in Northfield published Bernt Julius Muus : Founder of St. Olaf College by Joseph M. Shaw.

2000
175th anniversary of Norwegian emigration to America. The anniversary is observed on both sides of the Atlantic.
The Norwegian-American Historical Association and Minnesota Historical Society organized a conference at Minnesota History Center in St. Paul, Minnesota, entitled Vandringer: Norwegians in the American Mosaic 1825–2000.
An exhibition of paintings by Minnesotans of Norwegian background 1870-1970 opened in James Hill House, St. Paul, at the same time. Marion John Nelson, professor emeritus and former director of Vesterheim Norwegian-American Museum in Decorah, Iowa, curated the exhibition.
The Norwegian chapter of the Norwegian-American Historical Association (NAHA-Norge) organized its seventh seminar in Hamar in August
The exhibition Norwegians in New York 1825 to 2000: Builders of City, Community and Culture opened at Ellis Island in New York in April.
Sogn og Fjordane College held a conference in September. The conference theme was the letters and diaries of Norwegian Americans.


Timeline text written by Dina Tolfsby.

Main source: Odd S. Lovoll. The Promise of America. Revised edition, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis 1999.

 

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