Nasjonalbiblioteket

Norwegian union catalogue of serials (Samper)


How to use the search form

General information

Samper database provides free-text search, i.e. you can search for all the words within most of the fields of the records. Searching is not case sensitive, but the sequence of words within a phrase is significant. When searching for Oslo Stock Exchange information the words have to be written in the same order as in the title (i.e. OSLO STOCK EXCHANGE INFORMATION or STOCK EXCHANGE INFORMATION) not OSLO EXCHANGE INFORMATION.

NB!

Sequence of words within a phrase is not significant when using boolean operators.

Boolean operators

Search expressions may be combined using the Boolean operators AND, OR, or NOT (if necessary with parentheses to avoid ambiguities). If you wish to search for phrases containing the words AND, OR or NOT, these words must be quoted.

Examples:

Arctic AND polar
Arctic NOT polar
Krohg OR Krogh
(Årsskrift OR aarsskrift) AND (Trondheim OR Trondhjem)
Environment “AND” development alternatively Environment "and" Development
“Environment and development” alternatively Environment AND development

NB!

Note that boolean operators are used to bind together search words; combinations of boolean operators are not allowed. For example:

london or paris not oslo

is allowed, while

london or paris and not oslo

is not allowed.

Masking and Wild Card Characters:

When uncertain of the spelling you may use wild card characters to block/truncate one or more characters/words. Right, left and mid-truncation is possible. Words may also be truncated within a phrase. Truncation character

#

is used to mask

None, one or more characters/words

Examples:

PET#ER [for Peter/Petter]
WOM#N [for woman/women]
DEN # GRYTE [for Den sorte/svarte gryte]
HELSIN# [for Helsinki/Helsinfors]
ORGANI#ATION [for organization/organisation]

Other wild card characters which may be used are

? to expand the search to include words that are spelled similarly to the specified word

! to expand the search to include words that sound similarly to the specified word

Note that these wild card characters must be used in front of the specified search word.

Examples:

?AMERIKA [for america, american, amerika, Nord-Amerika, Syd-Amerika, etc.]
?KRISTIANIA [for Kristiania, kristiansand,kristianstad, etc.]
!AMERIKA [for Amerika, america, etc.]

Too many hits:

There is a limit of 10000 hits. If this is exceeded, you will be asked to narrow your search.


ISSN:

ISSN consists of two groups with four ciphers in each group. It may be written with or without a hyphen. In addition it is possible to search on the first few characters in ISSN.

Examples:

0800-3823
0800 3823

0800 [for searching all ISSN-s which start with 0800]

Word search:

Search for words in title, place of publication, publisher, year of publication etc. Please avoid frequently used words. The words may be combined using the Boolean operators AND, OR, or NOT.

Examples:

Dialog AND Molde

rapport AND oslo NOT statistisk

NB!

Use wild card character # to mask one or more characters/words. Wild card characters ? and ! have changed functionality and are used only in front of the search word. Wild card character : may not be used.

Title:

Direct search for proper title. Words containing letters ä, ö, and ü may be spelled in alternative ways. In order to gain complete retrieval, please compensate umlaut vowels with the truncation symbol #. This holds also for words with diacritical characters.

NB!

Use wild card character # to mask one or more characters/words. Wild card characters ?, ! and : may not be used here.

Words from title:

Search for one or more words from the title. Current, alternative and ceased titles are searchable. Please remember to write the words in correct order. If you do not know the order, you may use the boolean operators AND, OR, or NOT.

Words containing letters ä, ö, and ü may be spelled in alternative ways. In order to gain complete retrieval, please compensate umlaut vowels with the truncation symbol #. This holds also for words with diacritical characters.

Examples:

p#dagogik for pädagogik
fran#aise for française ( NOT francaise, i.e. do not use basic characters to replace diacritical characters)

NB!

Use wild card character # to mask one or more characters/words. Wild card characters ? and ! have changed functionality and are used only in front of the search word. Wild card character : may not be used.

Place of publication:

Please remember alternative forms of the name. If feasable use the Boolean operators AND, OR, or NOT.

Examples:

Kristiansand OR Christiansand
Guovdaeaidnu OR Kautokeino

NB!

Use wild card character # to mask one or more characters/words. Wild card characters ? and ! have changed functionality and are used only in front of the search word. Wild card character : may not be used.

Publisher:

Please remember to write the words in correct order. If feasable use the boolean operators AND, OR, or NOT.

Examples:

Taylor AND Francis alternatively Francis AND taylor (Not: Taylor Francis)
Universitetet i Oslo and sosiologi

NB!

Use wild card character # to mask one or more characters/words. Wild card characters ? and ! have changed functionality and are used only in front of the search word. Wild card character : may not be used.

Year of publication:

Fill in the year of the first or/and the year of the last issue of the publication. Blank first field means no lower limit. Blank second field means no upper limit. Leave both fields blank for no date restriction at all.

Library code:

A search for library code (a letter code) will show the holding statements of a particular library. The library codes are found by searching the base Bibliotek

Examples:

UMH
UBIT/REA